The “Formidable” Training Ship.
Collated by Mary Mason.
1869 Sep 18. Excerpts from the Bristol Mercury.
“Her Majesty’s line-of-battle-ship Formidable, which has been granted by the admiralty as a training ship for Bristol, arrived off Portishead at mid-day on Saturday and now lies anchored about 500 yards off the pier of the Bristol and Portishead Railway Company. Not without considerable effort on the part of those interesting them selves in this matter-owing to the claims of other important cities being pressed upon the Government- Bristol has succeeded in securing one of the finest vessels (the largest, we believe, with one exception) yet granted for this object and the members of the Bristol Training Ship Association will shortly see the philanthropic labours fairly commenced in the reclamation of destitute and neglected boys of our city from the haunts of ignorance, wretchedness and vices.”
“Captain Poulden, R.N. late of H.M.S. Excellent at Portsmouth, was appointed to the command; and we may here state that already, during the gallant Captain’s limited connection with the association, its members have seen much to cause them to congratulate themselves on their choice. Captain Poulden has had twenty years experience in the navy; and in addition to this his unassuming thought polished manners, the invariable courtesy with which he received all who approached him, and the humane, Christian feeling which is evidently one of his ruling characteristics, must have most favourably impressed all who accompanied him on the voyage from Sheerness to our roadstead.”
“The Formidable, which was built in 1825 is a fine type of the old-fashioned two and three decker line of battle ships constructed before “Old England’s wooden walls” had given place to the huge armour-plated iron-built steam ships of war of modern times. Though furnished with parts for guns on upper, main, and lower decks, she is technically known as a “two-decker”. Her registered tonnage is about 2300 tons and she was pierced for fully 100 guns—there being twenty ports on the upper deck, thirty-six on the main deck, and forty on the lower deck, in addition to stern ports on each deck, for stern chasers. Her length of deck is 230 feet and breadth of beam about 55 feet.”
“The voyage from Sheerness to Kingroad has cost the company over £400, the Liverpool Company undertaking the work for that sum, the London Company requiring £250. In addition to this expense, a special crew of from 40 to 50 men had to be engaged to bring her round to Kingroad, and there was the further expense of pilots and other fees.”
Names of some of the boys sent to the Formidable training ship and articles related; named in the Quarter sessions and printed in the Bristol Mercury.
1870 Jan 8. George Hawkins an intelligent and good looking boy was charged with wandering about having no place of residence. The little fellow had told the police officer that he had no mother and his father had died five years ago. He had a step-father called Andrew Davies, a carter, working for a farmer named Gillingham, living near Blandford, Dorsetshire. His father beat him severely and he had the bruises on his arms from his father`s violence. The magistrates thought the youngster would be a fitting subject for the Formidable training ship, and it was determined to send him there.
1870 Jan 22. Francis Williams and Joseph Tucker, charged with begging in Prince Street from Dr. Davies, were each sent for five years on board the Formidable training ship.
1870 Feb 5. Benjamin Strickland, a boy of twelve, was charged with playing toss in the streets on Sunday. He had attended the ragged school for years, but had been pronounced incorrigible. The father was so ill that he could not walk. His children were sadly neglected and one of them was in the Clifton-wood Industrial school, another had been sent on board the training ship, and a cousin was now in the Park-row school. The magistrates sentenced prisoner to five years at the Park-row industrial school and they observed that the whole family seemed to be getting deposed of in this way.
1870 Feb 5. Frederick Kirby, a boy who had been remanded on a charge of purloining two hats, was now sent on board the training ship for five years, the committee having consented to accept him, but the father would have to contribute towards his maintenance.
1870 Feb 5. William Smith a boy of eleven was charged with begging, Mr William Williams said the boy was much neglected and was left about the streets. His father a carter, was in bad health and had frequently to be relived. The mother said the father earned 12s a week and she had four other children. Mr Naish said this is another of those cases which now comes before us every day of children being got rid of by their parents. The magistrates said they would sent him to the Formidable training ship for four years, but his father would be made to contribute towards his support, as he had evidently neglected the child very much.
1870 Apr 30. Charles James and Robert Edward Greenway, two boys, charged with stealing four table-spoons, the property of the committee of the Bristol Dining rooms, Maryleport street. They were sent to the Formidable training ship.
1870 Jun 4. Francis Henry Veales, William John Godbeard and George Edward Andrews, aged respectively, twelve, thirteen and ten were charged with wandering about without being under proper control. The two elder boys were sent to the training ship, Formidable and the younger boy to Park-row Industrial school.
1870 Jun 18. George Allen, John Tasker and George Hill, three destitute boys, were sent to the Formidable training ship for five years each.
1870 Jun 25. Four boys named Henry Shroll, George Curnock, John Helps and William Moore were charged with begging on the Grove, of Mr M Whitwill. Subject to the examination of Dr. Davies, they were sent on board the Formidable training ship for five years.
1870 Jul 2. The town clerk said notice was given some months ago of an application from the managers of the Formidable training ship for a grant under the Industrial School’s Act of 1866. Mr R P King stated that he had been asked to move that £300 be given towards the funds of the ship, and a grant of 1s per week for every boy sent there by the magistrates. He hoped such a grant as £300 would not be thought too much, as £2700 had been raised by voluntary contributions. There were now seventy boys on board.
1870 Jul 8. The Bristol Town Council has votes a sum of £300 to the committee of the Formidable Training Ship, stationed at Portishead, and a capitation grant of 1s per week for every boy sent to the ship by the magistrates of the city.
1870 Jul 30. William Davis and Rosina Davis two children were charged with wandering about the Grove. The children were orphans and since their parents died a woman had been maintaining them but was unable to do so any longer and had turned them out into the street. The boy was sent on board the Formidable training ship and the girl to the Cotham Industrial School.
1870 Aug 20. James French, a ragged urchin was charged with stealing a portion of a silver watch. The boy a sturdy little fellow had been before the magistrates on a previous occasion and as he had been neglected at home the magistrates sent him to the Formidable training ship, the father to contribute to his maintenance there.
1870 Sep 17. George Reeves, a boy of 13, charged with begging in Castle Street was put back with a view to his being sent on board, the Formidable training ship, if he should be passed by Dr. Davies, the medical officer.
1870 Sep 24. James Edgar and William Prescott, two lads, were charged with wandering about, having no visible means of subsistence. Edgar said he did not have a father and his mother was a drunkard. It was stated that Prescott was an orphan, who had been supported by an aunt but she was unable to maintain him any more. The lads were sent to the Formidable training ship for five years.
1870 Oct 15. Charles Rogers, a boy, 12 years of age, was charged with stealing 2s the property of his father, William Rogers. This was the third time he had robbed his parents. He was sent to the Formidable training ship for five years.
1870 Oct 15. James Tupp, a neglected urchin, 11 years of age, charged with wandering about the streets without having any proper guardianship, was sent to the Formidable training ship for five years.
1870 Oct 29. Henry Summers a boy of 11, was brought up on remand from the previous day on a charge of stealing a large iron ring from an engine house at the new dock works, Cumberland basin. The boy’s mother said the boy had brought home the ring. Her husband was a baker but had been out of work a long time. She had six children. The boy had not been to work and could neither read or write. The magistrates determined to send the boy either to a reformatory or to the Formidable training ship for five years. He would be sent to the training ship, if found fit for service.
1870 Oct 30. On Monday, as one of the boys of the Formidable training ship stationed off Portishead, was walking along the boom leading to the ship, he missed his footing and fell overboard. Commander Poulden saw the boy fall and without a moments hesitation jumped overboard and swam towards him, catching the little fellow under the arms and turning him round in the water, at the same time doing his best to keep himself and the boy from sinking. It was blowing very hard at the time and both were rapidly carried away down Channel. Fortunately Inspector Dyer and some of the Formidable boys were in one of the ships boats not far off, and they instantly pulled out, but not before the gallant commander and the boy had drifted upwards of 200 yards from the ship. As the boat neared them Dyer threw out the longboat hook, which was grasped by the commander and by its aid both he and the boy were dragged into the boat in a very exhausted state. The scene was watched from the pier-head with painful interest, exchanged for joy when the safety of Commander Poulden and the boy whom he rescued from a watery grave was made known.
MR GREENWOOD`S CHOIR WILL GIVE THEIR CONCERT FOR THE BENEFIT OF “THE FORMIDABLE” TRAINING SHIP AT THE VICTORIA-ROOMS
on THURSDAY FEB 9th Tickets
4s, 2s, 1s.
MR GREENWOOD`S CHOIR
WILL GIVE THEIR
CONCERT FOR THE BENEFIT OF
“THE FORMIDABLE” TRAINING SHIP AT
VICTORIA-ROOMS on THURSDAY FEB 9th
Tickets 4s, 2s, 1s.
1871 Jan 7. George Hooper and George Lewis were sent on board the Formidable training ship for five years. They were charged with four other boys, with stealing 2 cwt of cotton and woollen rags, the property of James William Pockett.
1871 Feb 4. Charles Mitchell, an intelligent looking boy 11 years of age, was brought before the Magistrates by Mr Moore, Scripture reader of St. Philips, who stated that he was not under proper guardianship and he wished the magistrates to send him to an Industrial School. Mr Moore said the boy’s father had deserted his family some years ago and the mother died on Sunday. The magistrates sent the accused to the Formidable training ship for six years.
1871 Feb 18. Two boys named Samuel Meatyard and William Dolan charged with not being under proper guardianship and control, were each sent on board the Formidable training ship for five years.
1871 Feb 18. Joseph Goddard, a boy, remanded on a charge of vagrancy, was sent on board the Formidable training ship, for five years, as he was proved to be in an utterly destitute condition.
1871 Feb 18. Two boys named, Samuel Meatyard and Wm. Dolan, charges with not being under proper guardianship and control, were each sent on board the Formidable Training ship, for five years.
1871 Mar 4. Presentation to Captain Pouldon- On Saturday the presentation of a medal to Captain Poulden, commander of the Formidable training ship, for saving the life of one of the boys, was made on board that vessel in the presence of a large number of ladies and gentlemen. The High Sheriff, Mr John Fisher, who presented the medal to the gallant Captain, said that it was a pleasure to every one to see a brave man rewarded, but it was more than a pleasure-it was a proud and happy distinction-to be the instrument for bestowing the reward. He assured Captain Poulden that the trifling memorial he had the privilege of handing to him but feebly represented the admiration and respect they felt for his noble and gallant conduct.
1871 Mar 11. Frank Freeling, a boy, charged on remand with not being under proper guardianship, was sent to the Formidable training ship for five years.
1871 Apr 1. Thomas Creefe, a lad, eleven years of age, charged with begging, was sent on board the Formidable training ship for five years.
1871Apr 1 Two boys named Brittan and Musgrave, aged twelve years and nine years respectively, were charged with stealing a bar of iron, value 1s, the property of Messrs Thomas Brothers, Musgrove was handed over to his father and Brittan, who received a bad character from his mother, was sent to the Formidable for five years.
1871 ? Edward Bessant, a boy of Clevedon, charged with begging, was considered a fit subject for the Formidable training ship and the magistrates expressed their intention of sending him there for three years.
1871 Aug 19. Samuel Phipps, found about the streets, sent on board for five years.
1872 Jan 13. Edward Milson, for not being under the control of his father, sent on board, for five years.
1872 Mar 9. Samuel Ketch, aged 11 years, charged with begging, sent on board, for five years.
1872 May 18. Henry John Milson, aged 10 years, for not being under proper guardianship, sent for five years.
1872 Jul 27. Joseph Veale of Wedmore, a boy aged 11 years, found wandering and sent to the Formidable training ship for five years.
1872 Jul 27. George Bennett, aged 11years, charged with not being under proper guardianship, sent on board for four years.
1873 Aug 30. William Yandall, William Cuff and James Lawes, were charged with stealing 2 bars of iron, Lawes was sent to the Formidable training ship for 5 years. The other two boys were discharged with a caution, it being their first offence.
1873 Dec 27. Henry Thomas, 11 years, charged with stealing a pair of boots from his father, he was sent on board until he reached the ages of 16 years.
1874 Jan 31. Three little boys, Foster, Parsons and Wintle, were charged with stealing eight pigeons. The charge could only be brought home to Wintle, he was sent to the Formidable training ship for five years. The other boys received a caution.
1874 Feb 7. Portsmouth School Board. The industrial schools committee reported that, John Rose Allen, aged 11 years, had been taken to the Formidable training ship, Bristol, in pursuance of an order by the borough justices, for his detention in an industrial school, till the age of 16. Hampshire Telegraph.
1874 Feb 28. Henry George Geator aged 11 years, was sent to the formidable training ship, for stealing knifes and forks.
1874 Apr 25. Alexander Wm Davis, a boy, charged with stealing 2s-2d from his mother, a laundress. Was sent to the Formidable training ship for 5 years.
1874 Jul 18. Fatal accident on board the Formidable. George Baxter, a boy on board the Formidable training ship, whose death resulted from an accident on board that vessel. It appeared that Joseph Baxter, a boy on board, but no relation to the deceased, on the 30th of June, was upon the forecastle, and was swinging by a rope on the on to the mainstay, a pastime in which the boys were permitted to indulge. He swung off from the mainstay and tried to swing round the funnel. He did not see the deceased until he got halfway round and then he shouted to him. Deceased however did not get out of the way, and the other caught him with his left leg and knocked him from the fore-castle onto the upper deck, a distance of about eight feet. He went to him and found him insensible and helped to carry him below. The doctor’s register was produced; and it appeared from it that deceased had sustained a fractured skull. He was said to be a native of London. The jury returned a verdict of “Accidental death.”
1874 Aug 1. The fifth annual meeting of the supporters of the Formidable training ship for homeless and destitute boys was held on Tuesday afternoon, at the Victoria-rooms. The orchestra was occupied by the lads from the ship, who numbered 299, wore their neat uniform and looked remarkably well and healthy. They were accompanied by their band and both before and after the meeting the musicians played a selection of music in a manner that was highly creditable to them and their instructor Mr Maby.
1874 Aug 8. Visit of the Lords of the Admiralty to Bristol. After their visit to Bristol their Lordships drove to Portishead to inspect the Formidable training ship. They were met on board by Captain Poulden, with whom were the Rev. Mr Arkill, rector of Portishead, Dr Wigan and a few members of the committee, including Messrs. W H Budgett, Charles Nash, W Jose, M Whitwill and H Fedden, one of the hon. secretaries. Their Lordships examined the vessel in every part, after writing their names in the visitors book and expressing themselves as highly pleased with the institute, their Lordships left amidst the cheers of the boys in the rigging; and went on board their yacht, the Enchantress, which was waiting to take them to Pembroke. The Bristol Mercury.
1874 Sep 5. Two lads named Henry George Scott Yendall and William Henry Powell, pupil teachers on board the Formidable training ship, were brought up in custody at the Council-house before the sitting magistrates Messrs. F Terrell and W Hathway, charged with breaking open the desk of Commander Poulden, in his cabin, and stealing therefrom £62-7s 11d in money and stamps. Yendall was further charged with stealing about £3 from the desk of the secretary, Mr Blackmore. Yendall who was 15, was sentenced to a month’s imprisonment, with hard labour, and three years at Kingswood Reformatory; and Powell, who was over 16, was sentenced to one months imprisonment, with hard labour.
1874 Sep 9. The ugly Boy, Ernest Sharp, the boy who was refused admission into Feltham Industrial school on account of his eyes being red from small-pox, was brought up to-day at Hammersmith police-court on the importance of persevering in life, ordered him to be detained on board the training ship Formidable for a term of six years. The Pall Mall Gazette.
1874 Oct 24. William Kent, Frederick Evans, William Northcott and Samuel Hodges, four boys, were charged with stealing three pairs of boots, value8s the property of William French. The bench discharged Northcott, upon his father undertaking to chastise him, and Evans was sent on board the Formidable training ship. The other two were sent to goal for fourteen days, with hard labour, and then to remain in the Kingswood Reformatory till they were 17 years old.
1875 Mar 31. Birth. Poulden. On the 17th instant, on board the training ship Formidable, Portishead, the wife of Commander Poulden R.N. of a daughter. The Derby Mercury.
1875 Apr 24. Charles Ballern, a little boy 11years old, charged with wandering about St. George, also charged with stealing a photograph from his father. Sent on board the Formidable training ship until he reached 16 years old.
1875 Jul 10. The sixth annual meeting of the friends and supporters of the Bristol Training Ship Association was held on Tuesday afternoon at the Victoria-rooms, under the presidency of the Right Worshipful, the Mayor, Mr C J Thomas. The boys at present being trained on board the Formidable were upon the platform, and their picturesque uniform, presented quite a pleasing picture, the boys being ranged tier above tier on either side of the grand organ, and during the meeting they sang a number of pieces, and the ship’s band also played a selection of music with good effect. The chief feature which marks the past year is the addition of the long-wished for tender, which the committee are very glad to state has been purchased, fitted, and in now at her work. The `Polly` is a first class little vessel, admirably suited for the purpose, capable of taking thirty to forty boys, with their officers, for a cruise.
The Mayor observed that schools such as on the Formidable, sprang from an effort made by a lady, Miss Mary Carpenter, she was the first to take hold of that class of children, whose parents would not send them to any school. He went on to say that two boys from the Training ship had obtained scholarships; Collingwood a scholarship of £10, and Firth one of £7-10s.
1875 Nov 20. Arthur Miles, a well dressed boy, was charged with endeavouring to obtain money by false pretences from the Rev. D Wright of Stoke Bishop. The prisoner was sent to the Formidable training ship until he reached the age of 16 years. The same course was adopted in the case of Charles Wheeler, an incorrigible youngster, now charged with letting off fireworks on the highway.
1875 Jun 5. John West, charged with stealing a shilling the property of his mother, Catherine West. Sent on board the training ship Formidable for 5 years.
1875 Jul 10. Mrs Alice Cole’s Charity Awards. £7-10s sent to the training ship Formidable.
1876 Feb 12. Mr. J.Jenner Mogg of Clifton left £200 pounds in his Will, to the Formidable training ship.
1876 Feb 19. The honorary secretaries of the Bristol Training Ship Association desire to return thanks to the Captains of the several tug boats for their frequent acts of kindness and assistance in towing the Bristol training ship Formidable’s water boats up and down the river.
1877 Feb 24. Thomas Evans, 12 was charged with stealing 10s 6d, the money of Martha Curtis who lived near St Philip’s Gas works. The magistrates sent him to the Formidable training ship until he reached the age of 16 years.
1877 Oct 14.Information reached Bristol on Tuesday that during Saturday night thirteen boys lowered a boat from the training ship Formidable, lying off Portishead, in the Bristol Channel, and made off down Channel. On Sunday morning two Officers followed in search, and came up with them at Kingston Seymour, on the banks of the Channel where they were refreshing themselves at a farmhouse. They were taken back to the ship on Sunday night, and will be punished.
1877 Oct 27. Albert Pitman, a boy of 11, was charged with stealing from the trouser pocket of Edwin Crocker, he was sent to the training ship Formidable until he should be 16 years.
1877 Oct 27. The committee of the Bristol training ship Formidable, have received many applications from Officers of the Royal Navy for the appointment of Captain-Superintendent vacant by the resignation of Commander E Pouldon, R.N. will shortly proceed to make their selection. The appointment is open to Officers both on the Active and Retired list of the Navy. The post is worth £400 to £450 a year. Captain Pouldon does not vacate his post until the beginning of November.
1877 Nov 10. On Tuesday the committee of managers of the Formidable training ship met for the purpose of electing a Captain Superintendent in the room of Captain Poulden, who has resigned. There were upwards of eighty applicants for the post, most of them naval Officers of high character. The unanimous choice of the committee fell upon Captain R. B. Nicholetts, R.N. of Ilminster, a brother, if we mistake not, of the Under Sheriff of Somersetshire.
1878 Aug 3. The “Formidable” Training Ship Prize Distribution. Captain Nicholetts R.N. there recently appointed Commander was in charge, and everything seen and heard demonstrated that there had been, to say the least, no diminution in the thorough efficiency of the ship. The boys having sung “Auld Lang Syne” and cheered the Captain, the ladies etc, the company partook of luncheon, and returned to Bristol, after the boys had rowed for prizes. The tender “Polly” which returned this week from a cruise off the Irish coast, lay near the ship. An old “Formidable” boy named Wright, now in a good position in life, appeared in person to present his annual silver medal for general proficiency, and on handing to the recipient, Allen, he was lustily applauded. His worship next performed the very pleasing ceremony of presenting to Anthony Maguire the Bristol Humane Society’s silver medal for saving at considerable personal risk the life of a comrade who fell overboard.
1883 Aug 27. John Wyatt of Portishead was ordered to pay 17s arrears due, towards the support of his son in the Formidable Training ship, and 2s 6d coats.
Formidable Training Ship, anchored off Portishead.
Census 1871. Transcribed by Mary Mason.
1871 Census, 5th day of April, on board Formidable.
Witness as correct by Edward Poulden. Commander R. N. Captain Superintendent.
On board: 139 males; 5 females; Total 144.
100. Stephen Kitchings; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
101.Charles Alb. Barnes; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; Gloucester; Gloucester.
102.Wm. Jas Burser; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
103.William Galliford; Boy under training; 10; Scholar; Glamorgan; Cardiff.
104.William Painter; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; Glamorgan; Cardiff.
105.Francis Baker; Boy under training; 13 supposed; Scholar; Somerset; Weston.
106.Joseph Painter; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Glamorgan; Cardiff.
107.Charles Brown; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Gloucester; Cheltenham.
108.Edward Mathews; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Clifton Union.
109.Charles Mitchell; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
110.Alfd. Thos. Hagues; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
111.Joseph Goddard; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
112.George Edwards; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Somerset; East Brent.
113.Samuel Meadyard; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Devon; Tiverton.
114.Wm. David Dolan; Boy under training; 10; Scholar; York; Ripley.
115.Charles Tubby; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Sussex; Brighton.
116.Thomas Hill; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
117.John Rogers; Boy under training; 14 supposed; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
118.Thomas Lambourn; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
119.Samuel Weeks; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Cornwell; Truro.
120.Joseph Lewis; Boy under training; 13 supposed; Scholar; Gloucester; Clifton.
121.Alfred Rogers; Boy under training; 17 supposed; Scholar; Hereford; Little Gaddesdon.
122.Henry George; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
123.Alfred Magee; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; Gloucester; N.K.
124.George Hands; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
125.James Gardner; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
126.William Smith; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
127.Frederick Fisby; Boy under training; 11 supposed; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
128.George Onion; Boy under training; 10; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
129.Thomas Henderson; Boy under training; 14; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
130.Lubin Parblew; Boy under training; 13 supposed; Scholar; Africa.
131.Thomas Hodge; Boy under training; 14; Scholar; Somerset; Weston-s-Mare.
132.Charles Bennett; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Somerset; South Brent.
133.Charles Baker; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; N.K.
134.William Long; Boy under training; 14 supposed; Scholar; Gloucester, Clifton.
135.Robert Greenway; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
136.William Watkins; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
137.James White; Boy under training; 15; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
138.Isaack Phelas; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Middlesex; St. Lukes.
139.Victor Turpin alias Breeling; Boy under training; 16; Scholar; France; French Flanders.
140.Mark Phillips; Boy under training; 13; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
141.Edmund Rd. Hyde; Boy under training; 12; Scholar; Gloucester; Cheltenham.
142.Wm. H Butcher; Boy under training; 10; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
143.Thomas Freeth; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; Gloucester; Bristol.
144.William Britton; Boy under training; 11; Scholar; N.K.